用英语来“扫扫”病毒!!

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新冠肺炎疫情牵动着全国人民的心,自疫情发生以来,全国上下团结一致,众志成城,争取尽快打赢这场疫情阻击战。面对突发疫情,我校高度重视,为了不耽误广大学子学习,景中“空中课堂”第一时间“硬核”上线。

 

“疫情”无情,学校“有爱”。空中的每一堂课传播的不仅是知识,更是学校和老师们洒向同学们阳光般的爱。希望同学们要把这种“爱”变为奋斗的动力。通过这次疫情,少年的你们应该认识到:拥有知识和勇敢的人才能在国家危难之际,在灾难袭来的关口,像一束光,引领人们走向光明之地。在这特殊的时期,同学们要学会学习和思考,要自律和自强。空中课堂虽然变化了学习的地点和方式,但不变的是我们对学习最真挚的热情。

 

“Let’s  fight  together, till the end!” 

“Victory belongs to the brave!”

 

那么这次的新型冠状病毒肺炎用英语如何表达呢?让我们一起用英语来“扫扫”这场病毒吧!世卫指出:新型冠状病毒感染的肺炎统一称谓为“新型冠状病毒肺炎”,简称“新冠肺炎”,英文名为“Novelcoronavirus pneumonia”,简称为“NCP”。还有哪些有关英文词汇表达呢?

1
名词类:

 

  1.   病毒:Virus     新型冠状病毒Novelcoronavirus  [kə,rəunə'vaiərəs]    肺炎pneumonia      [njuː'məʊnɪə]

  2. 人传人:person-to-person transmission

  3. 案例case

  4. 确诊病例:confirmed cases

  5. 疑似病例:suspected cases

  6. 超级传播者:super-spreader

  7. 追踪密切接触者:trace close contacts

  8. 乘客passenger

  9.  症状symptom

  10. 潜伏期screeningsincubation

  11. 咳嗽vaccinecoughing  打喷嚏sneezing

  12. 发病率:incidence rate

  13. 发热门诊:fever clinicss

  14. 定点医院:designated hospitals

  15. 一线医护人员:front-line medical workers

  16. 防护服:protective gowns/clothing/gear

2
形容词类
  1. infected感染的

  2. clinical临床的

  3. daunting   ['dɔ:ntɪŋ] 令人望而生畏

  4. respiratory [rɪ'spaɪərətɔːrɪ; rɪ'spaɪrəˌtɔrɪ] 呼吸系统

  5. severe严峻的

  6. surgical外科的

  7. affected感染的

3
动词类
  1. cough咳嗽

  2. sneeze打喷嚏

  3. confirm确认

  4. minimize减少

  5. recommend推荐

  6. disinfect消毒

  7. suspect嫌疑;怀疑

  8. spread传播

  9. screen    筛查;检查

 

4
高级短语荟萃

 

 

such as fever, cough and trouble breathing例如发烧、咳嗽和呼吸困难

 

screen passengers屏蔽乘客

 

incubation period潜伏期 

 

create a vaccine for the new virus为新病毒研制疫苗

 

clinical trials临床试验  

 

avoid close contact with anyone   showing symptoms of respiratory illness

避免与任何有呼吸道疾病症状的人密切接触

 

a surgical mask外科口罩

 

increased surveillance加强监视

 

quarantine measures检疫措施

5
链接高考

短文改错:(原创)

 Dr. Li Wenliang, one of the eight “whistleblowers(吹哨人)” who tried to warn medical colleagues of the novel coronavirus when it first appears in Wuhan, died early on Friday. Wuhan Central Hospital confirmed in a statement released on it’s official Weibo account. “Our hospital’s ophthalmologist Li Wenliang was unfortunate infected with coronavirus during his work in a fight against the coronavirus epidemic,” the statement read, adding “He died on 2:58 a.m. on February 7 after attempts to rescue were unsuccessful.” 

  “After emergency treatment, Li Wenliang was passed away,” the Central Hospital of Wuhan announced on Weibo, China’s version of Twitter. “We deep regret and mourn Li’s death.”

Dr. Li is a hero, will live in our hearts forever. May God bless all the courageous doctor and nurses fighted on the front line.

 

语法填空:(改编)

Zhong Nanshan, __61_ 83-year-old doctor who became a household name 17 years ago for “daring to speak” in the fight __62___ SARS, is the public face of China’s effort to control a new strain of coronavirus.

Despite his ___63___ (advance) age, Zhong was appointed to lead the ___64___(investigate) into the new virus, which has driven millions of Chinese crazy who are traveling for the week-long Lunar New Year holiday. His announcement on Monday ___65__ the virus could spread between humans increased worries about the outbreak, after __66___Beijing has warned officials ___67___ public shame if they cover up any infections.

That is similar to 2003, ___68___ in an atmosphere of fear and suspicion, Zhong, a respiratory diseases specialist, gave media his sincere, pessimistic assessment of the severity of the SARS crisis.

 Zhong was praised for his honesty and ___69____ (remain) a public figure ever since, ___70___ (weight) in on public health issues such as air pollution and food safety.

 

改错答案:

1.appears--appeared  

2.it’s -its   

3.unfortunate-unfortunately 

4.a fight --the   

5. on 2:59--at2:59  

6. was passedwas 去掉)

7.deep--deeply

8. will 前加who 或加and 

9. doctor--doctors    

10.fighted--fighting

语法填空答案:

61. an    62. against   63. advanced    64. investigation    65.that     66. which    67. of   68. when  69. has remained  70. weighing

 

最后再送给大家一篇如何预防,远离病毒的文章。

美文阅读    

How to keep yourself safe from new virus?

After a new-type coronavirus was detected in viral pneumonia cases in Central China's Wuhan city a month ago, more cases have been reported in recent days. To prevent catching the infection, here’s what you can do :

1. Wear masks outdoors

●Wearing a mask is one of the most effective ways to protect you from getting infected.

●Make sure to wear it properly by tightening up the nose clip and pulling the bottom of it over your chin.

● If you’re not feeling well or have symptoms of fever, a mask is also needed to prevent you from spreading germs to others.

2. Cover your coughs and sneeze with tissue

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or you can cough or sneeze into your sleeve, but avoid covering with your hands directly.

3.Wash your hands frequently and properly. Wash your hands with soap and running water thoroughly for at least 15 seconds.

● Before eating and after using the toilet

● After returning home

● After touching trash or garbage

● After contacting with animals or handling animal wastes

4. Strengthen your immune system and exercise regularly

● Exercise regularly is one of the most important ways to help you stay away from catching any infections.

● Make sure that shared spaces have good air flow and avoid going to crowded places such as hospitals, railway stations and airports. Wear a mask if transport or movement is necessary.

● Seek prompt medical attention if you have symptoms of fever and respiratory infection.

● Avoid close contact with people who have flu or cold-like symptoms.

●Eat thoroughly cooked meat and eggs.

Avoid contact with wild animals or farmed livestock without any protection.

 

 

Come on Wuhan,  Come on China !! (武汉加油!中国加油!)

 

                                              

  作者:景中教师 陈娟

2020年3月17日 16:12
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